In civil court matters, a process server is someone who serves or delivers legal documents, like subpoenas, summonses, court orders, legal notices and writs. They fall into several categories including Private detectives and investigators, Sworn peace officers like Sheriffs, Marshals and Constables and Non registered or licensed individuals like Friends and relatives. But, by far the most reliable and ready are Registered or licensed Process Servers.
In most states they are registered by their county, whereas in California a process server can serve papers in any county. Other states only allow process servers to serve papers in the county in which he or she is registered. Most counties require process servers to be bonded or insured. Equally, the best Servers also provide the service of Skip Tracing or Skiptracing or Skip-tracing, which is an informal definition that is used to describe the process of locating an individual's whereabouts. Using modern technology to retrieve private and public information, when cross-referenced with state departmental information, it is possible to find accurate, up-to-date information on individuals or any entity.
Employing a non-professional Process Server has inherent shortcomings. They do not understand all of the laws and processes involved in Serving. Also, they may not know how to fill out a proper proof of service, which could jeopardize the legality of your case. Either of these can cause a service to be declared invalid and possibly cause you to lose the case or at the least force you to start over. Additionally many people attempt to evade service and professionals have a better chance of completing service. Finally, process serving can be very dangerous. Many people get very angry when served and attempt to take it out on the process server with their fists, feet, knives, vehicles or clubs.
At one time, Sheriffs, Marshals and Constables were considered good choices for serving papers, however that is not the case any more. Marshals no longer serve papers and many Sheriffs and Constables are too busy with other matters that papers may sit for weeks or months. And, obviously, people can see you coming in a uniform and squad car from miles away, giving the Servee time to elude and escape.
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